Literature – mutual funds

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* On April 6, 2019, Foresters Investment Management Company, Inc. (FIMCO), the investment adviser to the First Investors Funds, entered into an agreement with Macquarie Management Holdings, Inc. (MMHI), whereby MMHI, on behalf of its affiliate Delaware Management Company (DMC), a series of Macquarie Investment Management Business Trust (MIMBT), would acquire FIMCO’s asset management business (the “Transaction”). In connection with the Transaction, the Board of Trustees of the First Investors Trusts and the First Investor Fund shareholders approved, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization (the “Agreement”), the transfer of all assets and liabilities of each First Investors Fund to a corresponding, newly formed fund in the Delaware Funds by Macquarie family of funds The Transaction closed on Oct. 4, 2019.

1 Closed to investors. Please refer to the appropriate prospectus and summary prospectus for additional information.

2 Except for Class R6, the Fund is closed to new investors. Please refer to the appropriate prospectus and summary prospectus for additional information.

For information (if any) regarding how a Fund voted proxies relating to portfolio securities, visit the proxy voting information page .

Carefully consider the Funds’ investment objectives, risk factors, charges, and expenses before investing. This and other information can be found in the Funds’ prospectuses and their summary prospectuses, which may be obtained by visiting delawarefunds.com/literature or calling 877 693-3546. Investors should read the prospectus and the summary prospectus carefully before investing.

Carefully consider the Funds’ investment objectives, risk factors, charges, and expenses before investing. This and other information can be found in the Funds’ prospectuses and their summary prospectuses, which may be obtained by visiting delawarefunds.com/literature or calling 800 523-1918. Investors should read the prospectus and the summary prospectus carefully before investing.

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